Geography of Meerut
The bordering districts of Meerut are Muzzafarnagar on the north, Ghaziabad, Gautam Budh Nagar and Bulandshahr on the South, Jyotibaphule Nagar and Bijnor District in the East and Baghpat District on the West. The whole region of Meerut enjoys physical and climatic conditions, coupled with adequate rainfall - the reasons that have fostered agricultural development here. As a prominent conurbation of New Delhi, the city became part of the National Capital Region (NCR) that has fostered the development of this region.
Topography of MeerutMeerut is situated on the vast plains that are bounded by River Ganges on the east and River Hindon on the West. The average rainfall here is about 586 mm and monsoons begin by the end of June and lasts till the end of September. The alluvial soil grains deposited from both the rivers is what makes this whole region most suitable for agriculture.
Population of MeerutDue to rapid industrialization and development in the city, there has been a demographic shift of people from nearby villages and towns to Meerut city. As per the 2011 census the population of Meerut stood at 3.4 million. Out of the total 34,47,405 people, 18,29,192 was the male population and the rest 16,18,213 was female population. As per the previous recorded population in 2001, there has been a rise of 15.92% in a span of 10 years. Meerut ranks the 26th most populated city in India. Owing to the high developmental activities in this region the population density of Meerut is relatively very high. The population density of Meerut is 1347 people/square km. This is the sixth highest in the country and second highest in the NCR Region.
The literacy of Meerut population is 74.80%, as per the 2011 census, while the state average is 69.72%. 2001 census stated that the male literacy ratio was 76.31%, and that of female literacy was 54.21%.
Climate of Meerut
Soil Type of Meerut
Agriculture in MeerutMeerut has attained prosperity in agricultural sector thanks to the rich natural vegetation of the area. The District of Meerut grows cash crops as well as food grains such as wheat, bajra, maize, barley, potato and pulses. A number of sugar industries are situated here owing to the fact that large tracts of land grow sugarcane in this region. Besides, a wide variety of fruits and vegetables also grow in this region. Invariably, there is a rise in agriculture dependent activities such as animal husbandry, dairy farming, and manufacture of agro-based products, etc. It can well be concluded that agriculture is the pivot around which most of the development in this region has taken place.
Facts and Figures about MeerutGeographical Area: 2590 sq.km
Altitude: 224.6 m
Latitude: 28°54’ 29’’N
Average Rainfall: 586 mm
Languages: Hindi, Urdu, English
Religions: Hinduism, Islam, Christianity, Sikhism
Best Time to visit: October to March
STD Code: 0121